Quebec Spotlight: Governing CAQ hold comfortable lead, one-in-five each support Liberals and Conservatives

Quebec Spotlight: Governing CAQ hold comfortable lead, one-in-five each support Liberals and Conservatives

Cost of living and health care outweigh all other provincial concerns for Quebec residents

July 5, 2022 – Premier François Legault has spent the majority of his mandate since a late 2018 election victory leading the province through the COVID-19 pandemic, but his election campaign will likely focus on at least two other key issues if he hopes to garner a second term.

A new study from the non-profit Angus Reid Institute finds Quebec residents reporting significant levels of concern over the cost of living and inflation in their province, and health care. These two issues are each chosen by three-in-five, well ahead of the third highest priority – the environment and climate change. COVID-19 response is now a top-three concern for only five per cent.

Notably, among all of the top five issues chosen by Quebec residents – senior care and housing affordability rounding out that list – at least three-in-five say the government is currently doing a poor job handling each. This includes seven-in-ten who say their provincial government has performed poorly on health care and the cost of living (69%).

The good news for the CAQ is two-fold. The first positive datapoint is half of residents (52%) give the government commendation on handling of the economy – second in the country to only Saskatchewan (53%). Additionally, the CAQ, even with criticism increasing in the province, holds a comfortable 16-point advantage in vote intention. More than one-in-three (35%) say they would vote for the governing party if an election were held tomorrow, while 19 per cent say this of the Conservative Party, and 18 per cent of the Liberals.

Those two latter parties are united in criticism of, if not outright opposition to the government’s recently passed Bill 96. Quebecers were asked about that piece of legislation, and a majority say they support it (56%), with 44 per cent in opposition. That said, 90 per cent of would-be Liberal voters and 72 per cent of those intending to support the Conservatives oppose it.

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More Key Findings:quebec vote survey

  • The CAQ’s score on the Angus Reid Institute’s Government Performance Index has dropped to 32. This, from a high of 58 in 2019. The score represents the average number of residents saying the government has done a “good job” of handling 13 different provincial issues
  • The Conservative Party of Quebec leads among men 18- to 34- and 35- to 54-years-old. The CAQ holds an important advantage among both male and female voters over the age of 54.

About ARI

The Angus Reid Institute (ARI) was founded in October 2014 by pollster and sociologist, Dr. Angus Reid. ARI is a national, not-for-profit, non-partisan public opinion research foundation established to advance education by commissioning, conducting and disseminating to the public accessible and impartial statistical data, research and policy analysis on economics, political science, philanthropy, public administration, domestic and international affairs and other socio-economic issues of importance to Canada and its world.



Part One: Issues and government performance 

  • Cost of living and health care dominate priorities

  • Economic performance strong for CAQ, concerns over affordability and health care

Part Two: Vote intention

  • Comfortable lead in vote intention for CAQ, but interest in upstart Conservatives

  • The Conservative factor

Part Three: The politics of Bill 96

  • Bill 96 and the linguistic divide

  • Conservatives, Liberals push back on Bill 96


Part One: Issues and government performance

Cost of living and health care dominate priorities

Two pandemic-related issues now consume much attention of Quebecers: the inflation crisis affecting most of the globe is the top concern for residents, followed closely by health care. The province’s health-care system has been hampered by doctor shortages and long wait times.

Not all would-be voters have the same concerns, however. Aside from cost of living and health care, which are consistently chosen by all groups, there are more niche concerns across age and gender categories. Young people are far more concerned about climate change, men younger than 55 show the most concern for the economy, and those over the age of 54 are significantly more focused on senior care:

Economic performance strong for CAQ, concerns over affordability and health care

Economic growth in the province has been “stronger than expected” for 2021/22, and Quebec has revised its projected deficit to $4.6 billion from an initial budget estimate of $7.4 billion. Uncertainty is still a factor, however, as inflation and volatility in the global markets continue to stress both policymakers and residents alike.

Overall, half of Quebec residents (52%) say the government has done a good job in economic stewardship – second only to Saskatchewan (53%) on this issue. Two-in-five (41%) say the CAQ have handled the deficit well:

The news is not, however, as good on a number of other key issues. Across each of the five files that Quebecers identify as most important to them, at least three-in-five say the government has done a poor job, including seven-in-ten who say this on cost of living and health care, the two top issues in the province:

As with most provincial governments in the country, there has been an overall attrition in public support for Quebec’s Government Performance Index score, which still compares favourably with the national average, but poorly relative to previous levels the CAQ had achieved:

Part Two: Vote intention

Comfortable lead in vote intention for CAQ, but interest in upstart Conservatives

Currently, the governing CAQ boasts a comfortable 16-point advantage in vote intention, though a number of competitors garner support. The opposition Liberals are chosen by 18 per cent of residents, while Conservative Party – which surged over the spring – continues to be supported by one-in-five:

An increase in support for the Conservative Party of Quebec (PCQ) aligns with strong fundraising through the first half of the year. As of May 19, the PCQ had received a far higher number of donations than its competitors, and had fundraised a close to equal amount overall compared with Parti Québécois and the CAQ, as seen in the graph below:

*Source for data

The surge in support for the increasingly better-funded Conservative Party is concentrated among men under the age of 55. For both 18- to- 34-year-old and 35- to 54-year-old men, the PCQ is the top choice. That said, for older men and women alike, the CAQ lead by a considerable margin over their closest competition:

quebec vote survey

Regionally, the CAQ holds a comfortable lead in most of the province, though the Liberal Party is stronger in Greater Montreal, and the Conservatives are competitive in and around the capital city of Quebec.

quebec vote survey

The Conservative factor

The rise of the provincial Conservative Party appears to rely on overwhelming criticism of the current government, in addition to pushback against prominent legislation (see below). At least nine-in-ten current PCQ voters say the government has performed poorly on health care, the cost of living, and the deficit. Notably, they stand far apart from the rest of Quebec in assessing the CAQ’s COVID-19 handling – which has been consistently highly grade by residents.

quebec bill 96 support

Part Three: The politics of Bill 96

Bill 96 and the linguistic divide

Bill 96 gained royal assent earlier this month. The bill reforms the province’s French language charter in a way that restricts the use of English in public settings in an effort to protect the use of French in Quebec. Premier François Legault and the CAQ government said the use of the notwithstanding clause in Bill 96’s case is necessary because it protects a law that is supported by the majority of the province.

That is indeed the case. More than half (56%) of Quebecers support the bill after considering some of the elements it contains (see below), while 44 per cent oppose it. Another recent survey from Leger found that a majority of Quebec residents (57%) felt that the bill requires further amendment to protect English speakers who are seeking health care and social services.

Legault has claimed that those worried about access to health and social services in English are victims or disinformation, and that nothing will change. Some in the health-care industry, as well as legal observers, disagree, and have questioned why these services are included in the bill if they are not affected:

quebec bill 96 support

Bill 96 has wide-ranging implications for the province. Quebecers were asked whether or not they support or oppose key aspects of the bill.

Support among Quebecers is stronger for the aspects applied to businesses as well as the enforcement from the Office Québécois de la langue française, but weaker for the new rules for communication with immigrants, caps on English Cégep attendance and removing the English-language proficiency requirement for judges:

quebec bill 96 support

Anglophones are much more likely than Francophones to oppose Bill 96 – nearly all English-speaking Quebecers (94%) do. A majority (71%) of Francophones support the bill.

ARI last asked about support for Bill 96 in July last year:

quebec bill 96 support

The prominence of this issue in the public debate over recent months, of course, carries political implications. Just four per cent of those whose first language is English say they would support Legault’s party, while most prefer the Liberals (61%). More than two-in-five (43%) French speakers choose the CAQ as their top choice:

quebec vote survey

Conservatives, Liberals push back on Bill 96

The burgeoning Conservative Party of Quebec has been staunchly opposed to Bill 96, with leader Éric Duhaime calling the legislation “divisive and discriminatory”. Liberal Party leader Dominique Anglade, meanwhile, has said that if elected her party will alter but not repeal the bill. Notably, Anglade’s own current party supporters are most opposed to the bill at 90 per cent. They are joined by seven-in-ten (72%) who currently say they would vote for the Conservatives. Support for Bill 96 is strong among CAQ and Parti Québécois supporters, and those who would vote for Québec Solidaire:

quebec vote survey


For detailed results by age, gender, region, education, and other demographics, click here.

To read the full report, including detailed tables and methodology – click here for English : cliquez ici pour le français

To read the questionnaire in English and French, click here.

Image Credit – Wikimedia Commons


Dave Korzinski, Research Director: 250.899.0821

Jon Roe, Research Associate:

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