‘Goldilocks zone’: Canadians divided on whether Trudeau’s pipeline approach is too much, too little or just right

by David Korzinski | September 12, 2019 8:30 pm

But, by 2:1 ratio Canadians say next government should build TransMountain pipeline expansion

September 13, 2019 – The campaign for the 43rd federal election is officially underway and that means Canadians are considering what the coming years can and will bring for their country. One of the core debates in Canada continues to be the development of the oil and gas sector.

Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, seeking re-election, will once again find himself defending his record on this file, with opponents to the TransMountain pipeline project attacking the government’s decision to buy it, and pipeline proponents furious about what they say is Trudeau’s failure to complete it. Recent news that the Federal Court of Appeal[1] will hear six new challenges to the pipeline’s isn’t likely to quell that anger.

Against this backdrop, a new study from the non-profit Angus Reid Institute finds that Canadians more than twice as likely to say the next federal government should proceed with and complete that project (53%) rather than stop it (24%).

If the project does indeed go forth and provide funding[2] for a transition to clean energy, most Canadians would likely be pleased.

Six-in-ten (63%) say renewable energy is a ‘huge opportunity’ for Canada, and most (52%) would like their province to invest in renewable energy over non-renewables if offered federal government funding.

However, Trudeau’s party is not the top choice of voters to steward the nation’s oil and gas sector. That position is held by the Conservatives, who are chosen as best on the issue by 36 per cent of Canadians, compared to 19 per cent who choose the Liberals.

Overall, when they consider the past four years, Canadians are divided on how Trudeau has handled the pipeline file. Four-in-ten say his government has not done enough to expand pipeline capacity, though three-in-ten take the opposite view, while one-quarter say the Liberals have struck the right balance.

More Key Findings:

About ARI

The Angus Reid Institute (ARI) was founded in October 2014 by pollster and sociologist, Dr. Angus Reid. ARI is a national, not-for-profit, non-partisan public opinion research foundation established to advance education by commissioning, conducting and disseminating to the public accessible and impartial statistical data, research and policy analysis on economics, political science, philanthropy, public administration, domestic and international affairs and other socio-economic issues of importance to Canada and its world.


Part 1: Oil and gas sector stewardship

Part 2: Renewable future?


Part 1: Oil and gas sector stewardship

Elections are a time for appraisal and anticipation. With the federal parties putting forth their plans for the nation, the role of the federal government in natural resource development will inevitably rise to the forefront. One of the key debates over the Liberal government’s first term has been the TransMountain expansion pipeline. The project faces a fresh round of legal obstacles after the Federal Court of Appeal ruled it would hear six new challenges to it. With pipeline construction resumed[3], but one-third of landowners[4] along the route having yet to consent to the project, the fate of the project is as murky as the diluted bitumen proposed to flow through it.

Should the next federal government finish TransMountain expansion?

For most Canadians, regardless of the government holding office after October 21, the sentiment is that the project should go forth. More than twice as many support (53%) rather than oppose (24%) the expansion.

The difficulty in navigating the project politically becomes more evident when looking at age and gender splits, as well as political affiliation. Considerable opposition emerges from those who lean toward the New Democrats (51%) and the Green Party (67%), both groups from which Trudeau and his party will be hoping to draw voters. For women under the age of 55, the project is a source of deep division, while men are largely supportive of its completion.

Unyielding support for the project in Alberta is likely unsurprising for many; 85 per cent of respondents in that province say the project should be built. That said, support is considerable in the battleground provinces of B.C. (55% support, 31% oppose) and Ontario (52% support, 20% oppose).

The only region that voices more opposition to TransMountain than support is Quebec, where the population is close to evenly divided (36% support, 39% oppose).

On pipeline capacity, 4-in-10 say Liberals have done too little, 3-in-10 say too much

The current government’s record on pipelines has been mixed. The government approved, and later purchased, the TransMountain expansion. The same government also rejected the Northern Gateway,[5] has supported the Keystone XL pipeline[6] and voiced opposition to reviving the Energy East[7] project.

This variable strategy has left Canadians similarly varied in their assessment of government action on the pipeline file. Four-in-ten (42%) say that the government has not done enough to get pipeline capacity increased in Canada, while slightly fewer (31%) say Trudeau has been pushing too hard. Another group, one-quarter of Canadians (27%), say that the government has struck the right balance.

Politically, most Conservatives say the government has not done enough, most Liberals say the government has struck the right balance, and most NDP and Green supporters say it has done too much:

Conservatives seen as best on oil and gas development

If oil and gas development was top of mind for voters, which party holds the advantage?

Unlike the party seen as best on climate change, which generated considerable division among Canadians[8], one party – the Conservatives – has come out as the clear top choice on this issue. One-in-three Canadians (36%) choose the CPC as best to handle this issue going forward, nearly double the second choice – a tie between the Liberals (19%) and uncertainty (19%).

The Conservative advantage on this issue is based on near unanimity from their own prospective voters, 93 per cent of whom say that their party would handle this issue best. For the Liberals, NDP and Green Party, while inter-party support is high, other options garner consideration as well, as seen in the graph below:


Part 2: Renewable future?

Most would prefer their province invest in renewables over oil and gas

Though Canadians generally would like to see the government continue to invest in the oil and gas sector, their preference for their own province, Alberta aside, is clearly focused on renewable resources. Asked what they would like their province to do in the event that the federal government was to make a large investment in natural resource development, fully half (52%) say that they would prefer the money go into renewables; resources like wind, solar or hydro. Another three-in-ten say an even split between renewable and non-renewable sources would be ideal, while one-in-five (20%) say that non-renewable resources, like oil and gas, should receive most or all of the investment.

There are notable regional differences on this question. In Alberta, the epicentre of Canada’s oil and gas industry, four-in-ten residents say that they would prefer the investment fund development in non-renewable energy. That said, three-in-ten prefer renewable development. In the rest of the country, and to the greatest extent, in Quebec and Atlantic Canada, Canadians would prefer their provincial governments invest in renewable energy sources:

Six-in-ten say renewable energy sources a ‘huge opportunity’ for Canada

Much of this preference for renewable energy can be based on the fact that Canadians feel there is considerable untapped potential within that industry. Indeed, six-in-ten (63%) say that they believe renewable energy is a ‘huge opportunity’ for the country that should be getting greater investment. Currently, approximately 17 per cent[9] of Canadian energy supply is generated from renewables:

This is a sentiment that generates agreement among much of the population. At least 57 per cent of Canadians across each age group say that renewables are an opportunity that Canada should be looking to invest in:

For detailed results by age, gender, region, education, and other demographics, click here[10].

Click here to read the full report, including detailed tables and methodology.[11]

Click here to read the full questionnaire used in this report.[12]


Shachi Kurl, Executive Director: 604.908.1693 shachi.kurl@angusreid.org[13] @shachikurl

Dave Korzinski, Research Associate: 250.899.0821 dave.korzinski@angusreid.org[14]

  1. Federal Court of Appeal: https://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/tmx-legal-challenges-1.5269605
  2. provide funding: https://pm.gc.ca/en/news/news-releases/2019/06/18/trans-mountain-expansion-will-fund-canadas-future-clean-economy
  3. resumed: https://ca.reuters.com/article/domesticNews/idCAKCN1VB24I-OCADN
  4. one-third of landowners: https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/british-columbia/trans-mountain-pipeline-landowners-resistance-bc-1.5278931
  5. rejected the Northern Gateway,: https://globalnews.ca/news/3094856/northern-gateway-pipeline-line-3-approval-announcement/
  6. supported the Keystone XL pipeline: https://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/trudeau-trans-mountain-pipeline-wherry-1.5179626
  7. opposition to reviving the Energy East: https://www.ctvnews.ca/politics/no-support-to-revive-energy-east-but-push-for-trans-mountain-continues-trudeau-1.4219086
  8. considerable division among Canadians: https://angusreid.org/election-2019-climate-change/
  9. approximately 17 per cent: https://www.nrcan.gc.ca/renewable-energy-facts/20069
  10. click here: https://angusreid.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/08/2019.09.05_Climate_Resources_Demo-Release-Tables.pdf
  11. Click here to read the full report, including detailed tables and methodology.: https://angusreid.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/2019.09.12_Resources_Federal.pdf
  12. Click here to read the full questionnaire used in this report.: https://angusreid.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/08/2019.08.29_Federal-Election-Issues_Climate-Change_Questionnaire.pdf
  13. shachi.kurl@angusreid.org: mailto:shachi.kurl@angusreid.org
  14. dave.korzinski@angusreid.org: mailto:dave.korzinski@angusreid.org

Source URL: https://angusreid.org/election-2019-natural-resources/