by Angus Reid | September 23, 2019 1:02 pm
September 23, 2019 – The question was not whether damning revelations that Prime Minister Justin Trudeau had participated in the demeaning act of blackface (not once, but on at least three occasions) would hurt Liberal re-election prospects in this election campaign, but how much?
Canadian voters have now had the better part of a week to consider the prime minister’s past behaviour and his subsequent apologies.
As a result, new polling data from the non-profit Angus Reid Institute exposes a vote landscape wherein the incumbent Liberals have once again yielded some support among key demographics – younger voters – namely to the Green Party – and overall, in the battleground province of Quebec.
But while opinions of Trudeau have worsened and as the governing party once again sees its key left-of-centre base drift, other signs show the Liberals and their leader may have enough time to recover from this embarrassing disclosure.
To begin, the Conservative Party is seeing no gains from last week. While the party’s loyal and motivated base remains steady, leader Andrew Scheer remains unable to persuade voters unhappy with Trudeau to look at the CPC.
Further, Trudeau has given no ground on the key question of which of the two main party leaders would make best prime minister. And notably, the Liberals hold a slight lead in vote intention among Canadians who identify as visible minorities.
The outstanding questions heading into the third week of the campaign continue to be whether the Liberals can (once again) pull the left of centre base back together, and whether Trudeau, bruised after a damaging week on the campaign trail, can convince younger voters to cast ballots come voting time.
The Angus Reid Institute (ARI) was founded in October 2014 by pollster and sociologist, Dr. Angus Reid. ARI is a national, not-for-profit, non-partisan public opinion research foundation established to advance education by commissioning, conducting and disseminating to the public accessible and impartial statistical data, research and policy analysis on economics, political science, philanthropy, public administration, domestic and international affairs and other socio-economic issues of importance to Canada and its world.
In the days since decades-old photos of Prime Minister Justin Trudeau dressed in blackface and brownface emerged, the Liberal campaign has come to a standstill, offered a plethora of apologies and attempted to turn the page. How have voters reacted? At first glance, the party’s three-point overall decline from last week appears insignificant:
But it is where – and with whom – the Liberal vote has softened, that requires a deeper look. Liberal Party losses occur in two areas of notably different importance. While the party faces steep declines in Alberta, it was only projected to win two or fewer seats there anyway. It’s a different story in Quebec, where the party must perform exceedingly well in order to have electoral success but sees a six-point loss in support.
Notably, in other battlegrounds, the Liberals do not face a decline in support. In British Columbia, where all four major parties are polling double digits, and the voting landscape in Ontario is unchanged:
When it comes to age and gender, there is one group who clearly have had an adverse reaction to the news about Trudeau over the past week – young voters. Among young men, ages 18 to 34, Trudeau is down nine points from last week. Among young women of the same age, Liberal vote intention is similarly off. The primary beneficiary in both age and gender groups is the Green Party, as seen in the table below:
One of the keys to Liberal momentum over the past several months, as the party recovered from its SNC-Lavalin induced woes, was the apparent willingness of those who supported the NDP in 2015 to leave that party for the Liberals. Trudeau’s blackface scandal appears to have reversed the trend of defecting New Democrats. For the first time since April in the Angus Reid Institute’s polling, NDP vote retention has risen, rather than declined since the previous wave of data. The Green Party also enjoys a boost in returning voters:
While his party’s overall prospects have softened but not plummeted, the same cannot be said for Trudeau himself. Already struggling personally at the beginning of the campaign, the last week has not helped. When looking at the Liberal leader’s net momentum score (that is number of people whose opinions of a leader have improved, less those whose have worsened), the politician who once defied gravity on the measure of personal popularity now grapples with the most substantial decline in goodwill towards himself than any other national federal party leader:
As noted in the graph above – it is NDP leader Jagmeet Singh who boasts the only positive momentum score among his peers. This is driven almost entirely by Canadians aged 18-34, especially young women. But his current rock star status among this cohort at the same time draws a familiar uncertainty. Will these younger people, with a lower propensity to vote, actually show up for the NDP?
No party strategist, nor local volunteer would ever wish to face the kind of fallout from the type of revelations exposed in this second week of the Liberals’ campaign. Trudeau’s outing as a blackface participant stood to severely damage his brand as a tolerant, inclusive, respectful politician. But as noted at the beginning of this report, it may have little, if any impact, on the leader’s and his party’s overall chances of success.
Despite a worsening view of the prime minister among key young voters in the last days and weeks, it has not been enough to have any impact on Trudeau’s overall approval numbers. While they remain admittedly dismal, they have not deteriorated:
Another indicator Trudeau may well be able to put the scandal behind him, is that he remains statistically tied with Andrew Scheer on the question of which to the two leading party chiefs in this campaign is best suited to lead the country. One week ago, exactly 50 per cent of Canadians choose each. Within the margin of error, that finding is unchanged this week:
The fallout from the black and brownface photos included comments from many politicians, writers, journalists and activists offering insight into the potential harm of these photos on Canada’s visible minority communities.
But is notable that among Canadians who identify as a visible minority, the controversy does not appear to have hurt the Liberals. While the primary impact among this demographic appears to be a boost in support for Singh and the NDP from last week, it is the Liberals who hold a slight advantage in vote intention among this group, while the CPC have declined:
For detailed results by age, gender, region, education, and other demographics, click here.
Click here to read the full report, including detailed tables and methodology.
Click here to read the full questionnaire used in this report.
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Source URL: https://angusreid.org/election-2019-blackface-scandal/
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