89% of Canadians say bullying in school is a serious problem today; 75% say it will “never go away”
Three-in-four Canadian adults report being bullied at least once when they were in school, while just about half of parents with children in school today say their kids have experienced it.
- Nearly half (46%) of parents with kids currently in school say their child has been bullied
- Three-quarters (75%) of Canadian adults say they experienced bullying as a kid at school, at least once or twice, some much more often. One-in-three (33%) of those bullied most frequently say it has had a “lasting and serious impact” on them
- Canadians, including parents of kids in school, are split on how effectively schools are dealing with the problem
- Parents of children in school today are far more likely to say their child’s bullying has been reported than is the case among those who said they were bullied as a child (70% versus only 15%)
- Today’s parents also report a considerably more satisfactory outcome from the school’s awareness: half of current parents said the school resolved or at least improved the situation, whereas adults looking back on their own experience are more likely to recall the school’s awareness made no difference to the situation.
For the purposes of this survey, bullying at school was defined as: “acts or comments by one or more students that are intended to intimidate, offend or humiliate another student.”
How widespread was bullying in the past? And now?
The Angus Reid Institute poll results show a large majority of Canadian adults had at least a passing acquaintance with a bully during their time in school.
Three-quarters (75%) say they were bullied at some point between grades 1-12. Most respondents (51%) say it happened “once or twice” (22%) or “a few times” (29%). One-quarter (24%) said they experienced bullying regularly (13%), often (6%), or continuously (5%). The remaining one-quarter said they were not bullied (24%). Gender was not a significant factor in one’s encounters with such intimidation. Results by age will be addressed later in our report.
The survey’s respondents also included parents. We asked these parents whether, as far as they know, their children are being or were ever bullied at school. Among parents whose children are currently in school, nearly half (46%) said yes, roughly the same proportion as those with kids already out of school.
What was the impact on those bullied most?
Today, more attention is paid in schools and the community about the impacts and effects of bullying on children and teenagers. Unsurprisingly, respondents to the survey who reported being bullied more often in the past also reported more severe long-term impacts on their lives today.
Among the one-quarter of Canadians for whom bullying was regular, happened often or was continuous:
- Only one in ten (11%) said it didn’t bother them much, “was just a part of growing up”
- 33% say it bothered them at the time
- 37% say they still think about it
- 19% say the bullying has had a “serious and lasting impact” on them (and this figure rises to fully one-in-three of those bullied “often” or “continuously”)
The severity of the personal impact of bullying is less among those bullied less frequently. Those who faced such intimidation just once or twice were five times as likely to say there was “not much” effect on them than those who were bullied often (50% versus 11%) (See detailed tables at the end of this release).
Bullying today: Overblown or Important?
Regardless of whether they themselves have been bullied or not, Canadians are unequivocal in how much gravity they give the issue of bullying in schools today. Fully nine-in-ten respondents (89%) say it’s either “very serious” (47%) or “serious” (42%).
Those who say the issue is “very serious” are slightly more likely to be from Quebec (61% versus the national average of 47%) and to be women (55% versus 39% of men).
Further, there is little evidence of a “suck it up” mentality pervading Canadian public opinion on this issue. Asked to respond to this sentiment: “We shouldn’t go too overboard dealing with bullying, it’s a part of growing up”, fully three-quarters (72%) disagreed, four-in-ten (39%) strongly disagreed.
The situation in schools:
How effectively are schools responding to bullying?
Although there is little argument among Canadians on the seriousness of bullying in schools today, the general public is evenly split over whether schools in their own province are responding to the problem effectively, with half (51%) agreeing that schools are reacting well and half (49%) disagreeing.
Parents whose children were or are bullied in school are also split, with 49 per cent crediting schools in their province with an overall effective response and 51 per cent taking the opposite view.
From a regional standpoint, respondents in British Columbia are more likely to say schools are reacting appropriately well to bullying (57%), while those in Alberta are least confident in how effectively schools are dealing with the problem (47%).
Did reporting bullying make a difference in the past?
Of Canadian adults who recall being bullied back in their school days, just one-in-seven (15%) said this was reported to the school. The same number (15%) say the school was aware even if the bullying wasn’t reported.
But, looking back, the large majority – 70 per cent – say they don’t t think their school was aware of the intimidating and humiliating acts or comments that bothered them. Respondents who were bullied more often and those who say their bullying experience had a lasting impact on them were more likely to say their school was aware (see detailed tables at the end of this report).
Even then, schools being alive to the toxic behavior did not necessarily mean an end to students’ troubles:
- 56% said it made no real difference either way
- 20% said the school knowing improved the situation, but didn’t end it
- 16% said the bullying stopped once the school knew what was going on
- 8% say the school knowing made matters worse
Does reporting bullying make a difference now?
Times have changed. The perspective of parents today allows some hope that things have improved for bullied children in the ensuing decades.
The parents polled by the Angus Reid Institute were much more likely to say schools were aware of their children’s bullying, either directly from reporting (59%) or indirectly (18%). Among parents of children currently in school, awareness from reporting is even higher (70%).
And while these parents say the school’s awareness does not bring a permanent end to their children’s bullying, the numbers are trending in a more encouraging direction:
- 28% of today’s parents say it made no real difference either way
- 30% say it improved the situation but didn’t end it
- 28% say the awareness of their children’s school resolved the bullying
- Troublingly, 14% say the school’s awareness only made matters worse
Is bullying getting worse?
The question of whether bullying is getting worse may be approached from two sets of measures; the first, public perceptions of the question. On this – the majority do think the situation is deteriorating. Asked to respond to the statement: “the problem of school yard bullying was worse when I was a kid at school than it is today”, seven-in-ten (70%) Canadians disagreed overall. That opinion is generally shared with parents who have children in school today and those who were themselves bullied on a regular basis.
Looking at the survey data on bullying experience across age groupings points to a similar conclusion. Respondents aged 55 and older were almost three times more likely to say they were not bullied as those aged 18-34 (36% versus 13%). Conversely, younger respondents (18-34) were twice as likely to say they were bullied regularly/often/continuously as those who were older (29% versus 15%).
It is also possible that another factor may be at play: the effects of time on people’s memories and perceptions. It may well be that older respondents report less bullying because they were bullied less. It may also be that the subsequent decades have faded memories, lessened pain.
Although bullying was defined in the questionnaire, older respondents may also simply have a different perspective on what constituted bullying based on behaviour that may have been considered “normal” in its day.
But will bullying ever go away?
Even though nine-in-ten (89%) Canadians agree (47% strongly) that “kids who bully others need to be dealt with much more severely”, they are pessimistic about an end to the behaviour in schools. Three-quarters agree “bullying is never going to go away, no matter what new policies or approaches are tried”. As much as Canadians see this as a serious issue requiring more attention, they also sadly, see the fight as an ongoing one.
Image Credit: Twentyfour Students